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Types of Common Heart Conditions

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Arrhythmia is the medical name for an irregular heartbeat. Arrhythmia is not normally fatal and is sometimes temporary. People who are recovering from surgery often have arrhythmia for a short time. Arrhythmia does require medical attention because it could be indicative of a more serious problem. Some types of arrhythmia are ventricle heart conditions. This means that the movement of blood between the atria and the ventricles in the heart is not occurring properly. One common cause is a blockage that prevents the electrical signals that cause contractions of the muscles from reaching the different chambers. The condition can sometimes be treated with electrical shocks that reset the heart rhythm.

Several valvular conditions are commonly diagnosed. These conditions are caused by problems with the valves in the heart that regulate the flow of blood between chambers. Valvular conditions are sometimes the result of genetics or might occur because of damage from a previous coronary event like a heart attack. The condition occurs when the valves between heart chambers fail to open and close properly. This causes an interruption in blood flow throughout the body. Unlike arrhythmia, valvular conditions can result in heart attacks or other very serious problems. The most common types of treatment include heart surgery or implantation of devices that regulate the movement of the heart valves.

One of the broadest categories used for the diagnosis of heart conditions is heart disease. Heart disease affects a significant portion of the population at some point. Heart disease is largely associated with conditions that result from the accumulation of plaque in the arteries that connect to the heart. The slow buildup of plaque creates an increasingly narrow amount of space in the artery. This reduces the amount of blood that is reaching the heart. Genetic factors, lifestyle choices and diet all contribute to how quickly plaque accumulates. If the arteries fill with too much plaque, then a blockage will form. This could result in heart failure or stroke if the blockage breaks free and enters the heart. Treatments for heart disease include everything from changes in diet to open heart surgery.

It is important to inform doctors regularly about any suspected heart conditions and symptoms. One reason is the link between blood pressure and heart conditions. Even minor conditions like a persistent heart murmur could cause an unsafe drop in blood pressure. Similarly, slightly elevated blood pressure could exacerbate heart problems. Conditions like heart disease that are caught early can be effectively treated so that sudden heart failure is avoided.